Author Archives: talkeo

AOC Monitor Delivers First Android

AOC Monitor Delivers First Android

Jakarta: Manufacturers LED AOC presents its newest product line, the My Smart All in One (AIO) 58 P Series, and Smart AIO 72 P. This device became the first AOC monitors are equipped smart with the Android operating system and internet connection.
With their large size, users can optimize their use for surfing the internet, playing games, and of course enjoy the movies online. »This device is intended for young people, particularly with the use of digital products is high,” said Director of PT Mega Komputindo Lestari, as the sole distributor in Indonesia AOC, D. Lasmono W.S, last night, Tuesday, July 23, 2013.
Lasmono said, this product is also intended for institutions and public facilities. »It can be placed in hotel rooms, airports, hospitals, and so forth, because it does not use the CPU can be directly used browsing,” he said.
Smart AIO 58 P using Jelly Bean Android operating system, is equipped with a built-in speaker, and is equipped with USB connectivity, SDHC card, and the screen quality of Full High Definition (HD). To access the Internet, the device can be connected to the LAN, and WiFi. The price of a unit of 58P is U $ D 350 or USD 3.6 million.
Smart AIO 72P using Jelly Bean Android operating system, which is powered by the Android application, Flash Support, Media Player, and Smart UI. The device is priced unit U $ D 300 or USD 3,074 million
According Lasmono, this product can be found at electronics outlets across Indonesia in late July 2013. »In fact we expect this product to be marketed bia to the district,” he said. AOC targeting these two products up to 30 thousand units sold until the end of the year.

MIcrosoft Launches Hardware Certification Requirements for Windows 8.1

MIcrosoft Launches Hardware Certification Requirements for Windows 8.1

Microsoft corporation some time ago has been providing Windows 8.1 Preview can be downloaded for free. And later in August, Microsoft also plans to begin delivering the OS to the notebook and tablet manufacturers.

Now before the second step is done, the Redmond-based company that was recently launched hardware certification requirements for Windows 8.1. The certification was announced by Microsoft at the Worldwide Partner Conference and includes some hardware such as Bluetooth, WiFi, 720p webcam and audio equipment.

The certification also allows for features such as Windows 8.1 Wireless Miracast display, internet sharing, NFC, WiFi Direct print and biometric authentication. However sertfikasi is intended for existing devices in 2014 and 2015. So we’re not going to find it in the near future.

Landing The Best Game Hacks For Free

Landing The Best Game Hacks For Free

Looking for game hacks can be compared to searching for a needle in a haystack. There are a lot of bogus hacks online which can make it difficult to find an authentic site that provides you with real information that you can use for your game. The best thing to do in these situations is to verify the authenticity and credibility of the sites from where you are getting free hacks.

Sometimes you need to be able to establish a set of reliable online sources when it comes to hacks for games. The only problem with this particular option is the fact that not everyone has the luxury of time. This is because of the reason that in order to establish reliable online sources you need to be able to experience using their tips and cheats for a certain period of time. And sometime the case is that you are pressed for time and are in need of immediate game hacks.
In case where in time is of the essence, you can try browsing for free cheats online and sift through the most commonly used one. Also, in most of these online sites, there are comment tabs where in users can place their comments and ratings on the performance of the hack they just got. Make sure that you read through these comments prior to using any of the hacks you get online. This is especially important in cases where in you are unsure of the source as well as the credibility.

Remember that there are a lot of bogus hacks online and some of which are even harmful to your computer so always be careful with the ones you get online. Always double check the information you are getting. Chances are if a particular game hack you get is authentic and it works, other people have shared it online as well. If you are a little apprehensive about using some of the free hacks you got access to, try searching online for other reviews. By looking them up on the internet, you can be check whether or not it has worked for other users.

This not only saves you time but also makes sure that you are not putting your computer in any harm whatsoever. We all know how much of a hassle viruses and worms can be. Also, when you make certain alterations to your computers system, when this is done in the wrong manner, your computer could malfunction or worse, it could crash.

The Evolution of Direct3D

The Evolution of Direct3D

* UPDATE: Be sure to read the comment thread at the end of this blog, the discussion got interesting.

It’s been many years since I worked on Direct3D and over the years the technology has evolved Dramatically. Modern GPU hardware has changed tremendously over the years Achieving processing power and capabilities way beyond anything I dreamed of having access to in my lifetime. The evolution of the modern GPU is the result of many fascinating market forces but the one I know best and find most interesting was the influence that Direct3D had on the new generation GPU’s that support Welcome to Thunderbird processing cores, billions of transistors more than the host CPU and are many times faster at most applications. I’ve told a lot of funny stories about how political and Direct3D was created but I would like to document some of the history of how the Direct3D architecture came about and the architecture that had profound influence on modern consumer GPU’s.

Published here with this article is the original documentation for Direct3D DirectX 2 when it was first Introduced in 1995. Contained in this document is an architecture vision for 3D hardware acceleration that was largely responsible for shaping the modern GPU into the incredibly powerful, increasingly ubiquitous consumer general purpose supercomputers we see today.

D3DOVER
The reason I got into computer graphics was NOT an interest in gaming, it was an interest in computational simulation of physics. I Studied 3D at Siggraph conferences in the late 1980’s Because I wanted to understand how to approach simulating quantum mechanics, chemistry and biological systems computationally. Simulating light interactions with materials was all the rage at Siggraph back then so I learned 3D. Understanding light 3D mathematics and physics made me a graphics and color expert roomates got me a career in the publishing industry early on creating PostScript RIP’s (Raster Image Processors). I worked with a team of engineers in Cambridge England creating software solutions for printing color graphics screened before the invention of continuous tone printing. That expertise got me recruited by Microsoft in the early 1990’s to re-design the Windows 95 and Windows NT print architecture to be more competitive with Apple’s superior capabilities at that time. My career came full circle back to 3D when, an initiative I started with a few friends to re-design the Windows graphics and media architecture (DirectX) to support real-time gaming and video applications, resulted in gaming becoming hugely strategic to Microsoft. Sony Introduced in a consumer 3D game console (the Playstation 1) and being responsible for DirectX it was incumbent on us to find a 3D solution for Windows as well.

For me, the challenge in formulating a strategy for consumer 3D gaming for Microsoft was an economic one. What approach to consumer 3D Microsoft should take to create a vibrant competitive market for consumer 3D hardware that was both affordable to consumers AND future proof? The complexity of realistically simulating 3D graphics in real time was so far beyond our capabilities in that era that there was NO hope of choosing a solution that was anything short of an ugly hack that would produce “good enough” for 3D games while being very far removed from the ideal solutions mathematically we had implemented a little hope of seeing in the real-world during our careers.

Up until that point only commercial solutions for 3D hardware were for CAD (Computer Aided Design) applications. These solutions worked fine for people who could afford hundred thousand dollars work stations. Although the OpenGL API was the only “standard” for 3D API’s that the market had, it had not been designed with video game applications in mind. For example, texture mapping, an essential technique for producing realistic graphics was not a priority for CAD models roomates needed to be functional, not look cool. Rich dynamic lighting was also important to games but not as important to CAD applications. High precision was far more important to CAD applications than gaming. Most importantly OpenGL was not designed for highly interactive real-time graphics that used off-screen video page buffering to avoid tearing artifacts during rendering. It was not that the OpenGL API could not be adapted to handle these features for gaming, simply that it’s actual market implementation on expensive workstations did not suggest any elegant path to a $ 200 consumer gaming cards.

TRPS15In the early 1990’s computer RAM was very expensive, as such, early 3D consumer hardware designs optimized for minimal RAM requirements. The Sony Playstation 1 optimized for this problem by using a 3D hardware solution that did not rely on a memory intensive the data structure called a Z-buffer, instead they used a polygon level sorting algorithm that produced ugly intersections between moving joints. The “Painters Algorithm” approach to 3D was very fast and required little RAM. It was an ugly but pragmatic approach for gaming that would have been utterly unacceptable for CAD applications.

In formulating the architecture for Direct3D we were faced with difficult choices Similar enumerable. We wanted the Windows graphics leading vendors of the time; ATI, Cirrus, Trident, S3, Matrox and many others to be Able to Compete with one another for rapid innovation in 3D hardware market without creating utter chaos. The technical solution that Microsoft’s OpenGL team espoused via Michael Abrash was a driver called 3DDDI models (3D Device Driver Interface). 3DDDI was a very simple model of a flat driver that just supported the hardware acceleration of 3D rasterization. The complex mathematics associated with transforming and lighting a 3D scene were left to the CPU. 3DDDI used “capability bits” to specify additional hardware rendering features (like filtering) that consumer graphics card makers could optionally implement. The problem with 3DDDI was that it invited problems for game developers out of the gate. There were so many cap-bits every game that would either have to support an innumerable number of feature combinations unspecified hardware to take advantage of every possible way that hardware vendors might choose to design their chips producing an untestable number of possible hardware configurations and a consumer huge amount of redundant art assets that the games would not have to lug around to look good on any given device OR games would revert to using a simple set of common 3D features supported by everyone and there would be NO competitive advantage for companies to support new hardware 3D capabilities that did not have instant market penetration. The OpenGL crowd at Microsoft did not see this as a big problem in their world Because everyone just bought a $ 100,000 workstation that supported everything they needed.

The realization that we could not get what we needed from the OpenGL team was one of the primary could be better we Decided to create a NEW 3D API just for gaming. It had nothing to do with the API, but with the driver architecture underneath Because we needed to create a competitive market that did not result in chaos. In this respect the Direct3D API was not an alternative to the OpenGL API, it was a driver API designed for the sole economic purpose of creating a competitive market for 3D consumer hardware. In other words, the Direct3D API was not shaped by “technical” requirements so much as economic ones. In this respect the Direct3D API was revolutionary in several interesting ways that had nothing to do with the API itself but rather the driver architecture it would rely on.

When we Decided to acquire a 3D team to build with Direct3D I was chartered surveying the market for candidate companies with the right expertise to help us build the API we needed. As I have previously recounted we looked at Epic Games (creators of the Unreal engine), Criterion (later acquired by EA), Argonaut and finally Rendermorphics. We chose Rendermorphics (based in London) Because of the large number of 3D quality engineers and the company employed Because The founder, Servan Kiondijian, had a very clear vision of how consumer 3D drivers should be designed for maximum future compatibility and innovation. The first implementation of the Direct3D API was rudimentary but quickly intervening evolved towards something with much greater future potential.

D3DOVER lhanded
Whoops!

My principal memory from that period was a meeting in roomates I, as the resident expert on the DirectX 3D team, was asked to choose a handedness for the Direct3D API. I chose a left handed coordinate system, in part out of personal preference. I remember it now Only because it was an arbitrary choice that by the caused no end of grief for years afterwards as all other graphics authoring tools Adopted the right handed coordinate system to the OpenGL standard. At the time nobody knew or believed that a CAD tool like Autodesk would evolve up to become the standard tool for authoring game graphics. Microsoft had acquired Softimage with the intention of displacing the Autodesk and Maya anyway. Whoops …

The early Direct3D HAL (Hardware Abstraction Layer) was designed in an interesting way. It was structured vertically into three stages.

DX 2 HAL

The highest was the most abstract layer transformation layer, the middle layer was dedicated to lighting calculations and the bottom layer was for rasterization of the finally transformed and lit polygons into depth sorted pixels. The idea behind this vertical structure driver was to provide a relatively rigid feature path for hardware vendors to innovate along. They could differentiate their products from one another by designing hardware that accelerated increasingly higher layers of the 3D pipeline resulting in greater performance and realism without incompatibilities or a sprawling matrix of configurations for games to test against art or requiring redundant assets. Since the Direct3D API created by Rendermorphics Provided a “pretty fast” implementation software for any functionality not accelerated by the hardware, game developers could focus on the Direct3D API without worrying about myriad permutations of incompatible hardware 3D capabilities. At least that was the theory. Unfortunately like the 3DDDI driver specification, Direct3D still included capability bits designed to enable hardware features that were not part of the vertical acceleration path. Although I actively objected to the tendency of Direct3D capability to accumulate bits, the team felt extraordinary competitive pressure from Microsoft’s own OpenGL group and from the hardware vendors to support them.

The hardware companies, seeking a competitive advantage for their own products, would threaten to support and promote OpenGL to game developers Because The OpenGL driver bits capability supported models that enabled them to create features for their hardware that nobody else supported. It was common (and still is) for the hardware OEM’s to pay game developers to adopt features of their hardware unique to their products but incompatible with the installed base of gaming hardware, forcing consumers to constantly upgrade their graphics card to play the latest PC games . Game developers alternately hated capability bits Because of their complexity and incompatibilities but wanted to take the marketing dollars from the hardware OEM’s to support “non-standard” 3D features.

Overall I viewed this dynamic as destructive to a healthy PC gaming economy and advocated resisting the trend OpenGL Regardless of what the people wanted or OEM’s. I believed that creating a consistent stable consumer market for PC games was more important than appeasing the hardware OEM’s. As such as I was a strong advocate of the relatively rigid vertical Direct3D pipeline and a proponent of introducing only API features that we expected up to become universal over time. I freely confess that this view implied significant constraints on innovation in other areas and a placed a high burden of market prescience on the Direct3D team.

The result, in my estimation, was pretty good. The Direct3D fixed function pipeline, as it was known, produced a very rich and growing PC gaming market with many healthy competitors through to DirectX 7.0 and the early 2000’s. The PC gaming market boomed and grew to be the largest gaming market on Earth. It also resulted in a very interesting change in the GPU hardware architecture over time.

Had the Direct3D HAL has been a flat driver with just the model for rasterization capability bits as the OpenGL team at Microsoft had advocated, 3D hardware makers would have competed by accelerating just the bottom layer of the 3D rendering pipeline and adding differentiating features to their hardware capability via bits that were incompatible with their competitors. The result of introducing the vertical layered architecture THING that was 3D hardware vendors were all encouraged to add features to their GPU’s more consistent with the general purpose CPU architectures, namely very fast floating point operations, in a consistent way. Thus consumer GPU’s evolved over the years to increasingly resemble general purpose CPU’s … with one major difference. Because the 3D fixed function pipeline was rigid, the Direct3D architecture afforded very little opportunity for code branching frequent as CPU’s are designed to optimize for. Achieved their GPU’s amazing performance and parallelism in part by being free to assume that little or no branching code would ever occur inside a Direct3D graphics pipeline. Thus instead of evolving one giant monolithic core CPU that has massive numbers of transistors dedicated to efficient branch prediction has as an Intel CPU, GPU has a Direct3D Hundreds to Welcome to Thunderbird simple CPU cores like that have no branch prediction. They can chew through a calculation at incredible speed confident in the knowledge that they will not be interrupted by code branching or random memory accesses to slow them down.

DirectX 7.0 up through the underlying parallelism of the GPU was hidden from the game. As far as the game was concerned some hardware was just faster than other hardware but the game should not have to worry about how or why. The early DirectX fixed function pipeline architecture had done a brilliant job of enabling dozens of Disparate competing hardware vendors to all take different approaches to Achieving superior cost and performance in consumer 3D without making a total mess of the PC gaming market for the game developers and consumers . It was not pretty and was not entirely executed with flawless precision but it worked well enough to create an extremely vibrant PC gaming market through to the early 2000’s.

Before I move on to discussing more modern evolution Direct3D, I would like to highlight a few other important ideas that influenced architecture in early modern Direct3D GPU’s. Recalling that in the early to mid 1990’s was relatively expensive RAM there was a lot of emphasis on consumer 3D techniques that conserved on RAM usage. The Talisman architecture roomates I have told many (well-deserved) derogatory stories about was highly influenced by this observation.

Talsiman
Search this blog for tags “Talisman” and “OpenGL” for many stories about the internal political battles over these technologies within Microsoft

Talisman relied on a grab bag of graphics “tricks” to minimize GPU RAM usage that were not very generalized. The Direct3D team, Rendermorphics Heavily influenced by the founders had made a difficult choice in philosophical approach to creating a mass market for consumer 3D graphics. We had Decided to go with a more general purpose Simpler approach to 3D that relied on a very memory intensive a data structure called a Z-buffer to Achieve great looking results. Rendermorphics had managed to Achieve very good 3D performance in pure software with a software Z-buffer in the engine Rendermorphics roomates had given us the confidence to take the bet to go with a more general purpose 3D Simpler API and driver models and trust that the hardware RAM market and prices would eventually catch up. Note however that at the time we were designing Direct3D that we did not know about the Microsoft Research Groups “secret” Talisman project, nor did they expect that a small group of evangelists would cook up a new 3D API standard for gaming and launch it before their own wacky initiative could be deployed. In short one of the big bets that Direct3D made was that the simplicity and elegance of Z-buffers to game development were worth the risk that consumer 3D hardware would struggle to affordably support them early on.

Despite the big bet on Z-buffer support we were intimately aware of two major limitations of the consumer PC architecture that needed to be addressed. The first was that the PC bus was generally very slow and second it was much slower to copy the data from a graphics card than it was to copy the data to a graphics card. What that generally meant was that our API design had to growing niche to send the data in the largest most compact packages possible up to the GPU for processing and absolutely minimize any need to copy the data back from the GPU for further processing on the CPU. This generally meant that the Direct3D API was optimized to package the data up and send it on a one-way trip. This was of course an unfortunate constraint Because there were many brilliant 3D effects that could be best accomplished by mixing the CPU’s branch prediction efficient and robust floating point support with the GPU’s parallel rendering incredible performance.

One of the fascinating Consequences of that constraint was that it forced the GPU’s up to become even more general purpose to compensate for the inability to share the data with the CPU efficiently. This was possibly the opposite of what Intel intended to happen with its limited bus performance, Because Intel was threatened by the idea that the auxiliary would offload more processing cards from their work thereby reducing the CPU’s Intel CPU’s value and central role to PC computing. It was reasonably believed at that time that Intel Deliberately dragged their feet on improving PC performance to deterministic bus a market for alternatives to their CPU’s for consumer media processing applications. Earlier Blogs from my recall that the main REASON for creating DirectX was to Prevent Intel from trying to virtualize all the Windows Media support on the CPU. Intel had Adopted a PC bus architecture that enabled extremely fast access to system RAM shared by auxiliary devices, it is less Likely GPU’s that would have evolved the relatively rich set of branching and floating point operations they support today.

To Overcome the fairly stringent performance limitations of the PC bus a great deal of thought was put into techniques for compressing and streamlining DirectX assets being sent to the GPU performance to minimize bus bandwidth limitations and the need for round trips from the GPU back to the CPU . The early need for the rigid 3D pipeline had Consequences interesting later on when we Began to explore assets streaming 3D over the Internet via modems.

We Recognized early on that support for compressed texture maps would Dramatically improve bus performance and reduce the amount of onboard RAM consumer GPU’s needed, the problem was that no standards Existed for 3D texture formats at the time and knowing how fast image compression technologies were evolving at the time I was loathe to impose a Microsoft specified one “prematurely” on the industry. To Overcome this problem we came up with the idea of ​​”blind compression formats”. The idea, roomates I believe was captured in one of the many DirectX patents that we filed, had the idea that a GPU could encode and decode image textures in an unspecified format but that the DirectX API’s would allow the application to read and write from them as though they were always raw bitmaps. The Direct3D driver would encode and decode the image data is as Necessary under the hood without the application needing to know about how it was actually being encoded on the hardware.

By 1998 3D chip makers had begun to devise good quality 3D texture formats by DirectX 6.0 such that we were Able to license one of them (from S3) for inclusion with Direct3D.

http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/news/press/1998/mar98/s3pr.aspx

DirectX 6.0 was actually the first version of DirectX that was included in a consumer OS release (Windows 98). Until that time, DirectX was actually just a family of libraries that were shipped by the Windows games that used them. DirectX was not actually a Windows API until five generations after its first release.

DirectX 7.0 was the last generation of DirectX that relied on the fixed function pipeline we had laid out in DirectX 2.0 with the first introduction of the Direct3D API. This was a very interesting transition period for Direct3D for several could be better;

1) The original founders DirectX team had all moved on,

2) Microsoft’s internal Talisman and could be better for supporting OpenGL had all passed

3) Microsoft had brought the game industry veterans like Seamus Blackley, Kevin Bacchus, Stuart Moulder and others into the company in senior roles.

4) Become a Gaming had a strategic focus for the company

DirectX 8.0 marked a fascinating transition for Direct3D Because with the death of Talisman and the loss of strategic interest in OpenGL 3D support many of the people from these groups came to work on Direct3D. Talisman, OpenGL and game industry veterans all came together to work on Direct3D 8.0. The result was very interesting. Looking back I freely concede that I would not have made the same set of choices that this group made for DirectX 8.0 in chi but it seems to me that everything worked out for the best anyway.

Direct3D 8.0 was influenced in several interesting ways by the market forces of the late 20th century. Microsoft largely unified against OpenGL and found itself competing with the Kronos Group standards committee to advance faster than OpenGL Direct3D. With the death of SGI, control of the OpenGL standard fell into the hands of the 3D hardware OEM’s who of course wanted to use the standard to enable them to create differentiating hardware features from their competitors and to force Microsoft to support 3D features they wanted to promote. The result was the Direct3D and OpenGL Became much more complex and they tended to converge during this period. There was a stagnation in 3D feature adoption by game developers from DirectX 8.0 to DirectX 11.0 through as a result of these changes. Became creating game engines so complex that the market also converged around a few leading search providers Including Epic’s Unreal Engine and the Quake engine from id software.

Had I been working on Direct3D at the time I would have stridently resisted letting the 3D chip lead Microsoft OEM’s around by the nose chasing OpenGL features instead of focusing on enabling game developers and a consistent quality consumer experience. I would have opposed introducing shader support in favor of trying to keep the Direct3D driver layer as vertically integrated as possible to Ensure conformity among hardware vendors feature. I also would have strongly opposed abandoning DirectDraw support as was done in Direct3D 8.0. The 3D guys got out of control and Decided that nobody should need pure 2D API’s once developers Adopted 3D, failing to recognize that simple 2D API’s enabled a tremendous range of features and ease of programming that the majority of developers who were not 3D geniuses could Easily understand and use. Forcing the market to learn 3D Dramatically constrained the set of people with the expertise to adopt it. Microsoft later discovered the error in this decision and re-Introduced DirectDraw as the Direct2D API. Basically letting the Direct3D 8.0 3D design geniuses made it brilliant, powerful and useless to average developers.

At the time that the DirectX 8.0 was being made I was starting my first company WildTangent Inc.. and Ceased to be closely INVOLVED with what was going on with DirectX features, however years later I was Able to get back to my roots and 3D took the time to learn Direct3D programming in DirectX 11.1. Looking back it’s interesting to see how the major architectural changes that were made in DirectX 8 resulted in the massively convoluted and nearly incomprehensible Direct3D API we see today. Remember the 3 stage pipeline DirectX 2 that separated Transformation, lighting and rendering pipeline into three basic stages? Here is a diagram of the modern DirectX 11.1 3D pipeline.

DX 11 Pipeline

Yes, it grew to 9 stages and 13 stages when arguably some of the optional sub-stages, like the compute shader, are included. Speaking as somebody with an extremely lengthy background in very low-level 3D graphics programming and I’m Embarrassed to confess that I struggled mightily to learn programming Direct3D 11.1. Become The API had very nearly incomprehensible and unlearnable. I have no idea how somebody without my extensive background in 3D and graphics could ever begin to learn how to program a modern 3D pipeline. As amazingly powerful and featureful as this pipeline is, it is also damn near unusable by any but a handful of the most antiquated brightest minds in 3D graphics. In the course of catching up on my Direct3D I found myself simultaneously in awe of the astounding power of modern GPU’s and where they were going and in shocked disgust at the absolute mess the 3D pipeline had Become. It was as though the Direct3D API had Become a dumping ground for 3D features that every OEM DEMANDED had over the years.

Had I not enjoyed the benefit of the decade long break from Direct3D involvement Undoubtedly I would have a long history of bitter blogs written about what a mess my predecessors had made of a great and elegant vision for the consumer 3D graphics. Weirdly, however, leaping forward in time to the present day, I am forced to admit that I’m not sure it was such a bad thing after all. The result of stagnation gaming on the PC as a result of the mess Microsoft and the OEMs made of the Direct3D API was a successful XBOX. Having a massively fragmented 3D API is not such a problem if there is only one hardware configuration to support game developers have, as is the case with a game console. Direct3D shader 8.0 support with early primitive was the basis for the first Xbox’s graphics API. For the first selected Microsoft’s XBOX NVIDIA NVIDIA chip giving a huge advantage in the 3D PC chip market. DirectX 9.0, with more advanced shader support, was the basis for the XBOX 360, Microsoft roomates selected for ATI to provide the 3D chip, AMD this time handing a huge advantage in the PC graphics market. In a sense the OEM’s had screwed Themselves. By successfully Influencing Microsoft and the OpenGL standards groups to adopt highly convoluted graphics pipelines to support all of their feature sets, they had forced Themselves to generalize their GPU architectures and the 3D chip market consolidated around a 3D chip architecture … whatever Microsoft selected for its consoles.

The net result was that the retail PC game market largely died. It was simply too costly, too insecure and too unstable a platform for publishing high production value games on any longer, with the partial exception of MMOG’s. Microsoft and the OEM’s had conspired together to kill the proverbial golden goose. No biggie for Microsoft as they were happy to gain complete control of the former PC gaming business by virtue of controlling the XBOX.

From the standpoint of the early DirectX vision, I would have said that this outcome was a foolish, shortsighted disaster. Microsoft had maintained a little discipline and strategic focus on the Direct3D API they could have ensured that there were NO other consoles in existence in a single generation by using the XBOX XBOX to Strengthen the PC gaming market rather than inadvertently destroying it. While Microsoft congratulates itself for the first successful U.S. launch of the console, I would count all the gaming dollars collected by Sony, Nintendo and mobile gaming platforms over the years that might have remained on Microsoft platforms controlled Microsoft had maintained a cohesive strategy across media platforms. I say all of this from a past tense perspective Because, today, I’m not so sure that I’m really all that unhappy with the result.

The new generation of consoles from Sony AND Microsoft have Reverted to a PC architecture! The next generation GPU’s are massively parallel, general-purpose processors with intimate access to the shared memory with the CPU. In fact, the GPU architecture Became so generalized that a new pipeline stage was added in DirectX 11 DirectCompute called that simply allowed the CPU to bypass the entire convoluted Direct3D graphics pipeline in favor of programming the GPU directly. With the introduction of DirectCompute the promise of simple 3D programming returned in an unexpected form. Modern GPU’s have Become so powerful and flexible that the possibility of writing cross 3D GPU engines directly for the GPU without making any use of the traditional 3D pipeline is an increasingly practical and appealing programming option. From my perspective here in the present day, I would anticipate that within a few short generations the need for the traditional Direct3D and OpenGL APIs will vanish in favor of new game engines with much richer and more diverse feature sets that are written entirely in device independent shader languages ​​like Nvidia’s CUDA and Microsoft’s AMP API’s.

Today, as a 3D physics engine and developer I have never been so excited about GPU programming Because of the sheer power and relative ease of programming directly to the modern GPU without needing to master the enormously convoluted 3D pipelines associated with Direct3D and OpenGL API’s. If I were responsible for Direct3D strategy today I would be advocating dumping the investment in traditional 3D pipeline in favor of Rapidly opening direct access to a rich GPU programming environment. I personally never imagined that my early work on Direct3D, would, within a couple decades, Contribute to the evolution of a new kind of ubiquitous processor that enabled the kind of incredibly realistic and general modeling of light and physics that I had learned in the 1980 ‘s but never believed I would see computers powerful enough to models in real-time during my active career.

Linksys X3500 Provide Two Line Internet

Linksys X3500 Provide Two Line Internet

Home computer network equipment manufacturers Linksys launches Wi-Fi modem router X3500 series in Jakarta, Wednesday (17/07/2013). This product is equipped with dual band capability, at a frequency of 2.4 GHz and 5GHz, which can be run simultaneously at speeds up to 450Mbps + 300Mbps.

Networking Linksys Indonesia Sales Manager, Kevin Kurniawan said, X3500 products provide two interface internet connection, ie ADSL and WAN.

ADSL ports by default has been available in the X3500, so the ADSL internet cable from the provider, such as Telkom Speedy, can be directly used. As for cable modem subscribers, such as First Media, or who already have ADSL modem, can use the WAN port on the X3500.

It also provides a modem router 4 LAN ports and a USB port that can be used to share content with an external hard disk or connect to the printer. With this, the X3500 can connect the computer to the mobile device, tablet, television, and so on.

“If the user has the flash drive already contains a song or video, then plugged into the router, users can stream from a smartphone or tablet via the DLNA network,” said Kevin.

Linksys offers Cisco Connect Express mobile app for iOS and Android devices, which can be used for remote management, monitoring, and firmware upgrades.

X3500 modem router, which target the middle to upper market segment, has begun to be marketed in Indonesia at a price of Rp 1.7 million.

Although Belkin Linksys was acquired in March 2013 by then, but still retain Linksys Cisco logo at the top of the X3500. According to Kevin, Linksys Networking Indonesia still protect products with warranty and after sales service.

Data Management Android WiFi File Transfer

Data Management Android WiFi File Transfer

Cruising Through the Content Browser Using Wireless Smartphone

Transfer content from your PC to the Android-based smartphone is easy. Several methods can be used for it. You have a choice of using a regular cable connection represented USB port or wireless connection represented by bluetooth and WiFi. If you have a router that is connected to the PC and smartphone in one network, it can use wireless connections to share data without bothered by wires.

d4-436-wifiWiFi File File Transfer offers ease of operation. You pass enough alone installation on a smartphone. When run, the application will detect your internet protocol (IP) on the computer and then instantly displays the IP address of the smartphone. Later on smartphone app will display an IP address that is automatically configured. To connect the smartphone to the computer, you just enter the IP address displayed on the smartphone via the browser and automatically you can directly access the entire contents of the smartphone via browser.

Automated storage media on a smartphone will instantly appear in the browser like a file manager in Windows. You stay down all the existing content on the memory card and can perform various commands such as download, delete, copy, or rename. You can also combine all or part of existing content by performing compression in a ZIP format and make the content. The application also displays a special shortcut to a content-based image file directory with the name of the Media Gallery.

Tilera’s TILE-Gx72 Processor Sets World Record for Suricata IPS/IDS: Industry’s Highest Performance

Tilera’s TILE-Gx72 Processor Sets World Record for Suricata IPS/IDS: Industry’s Highest Performance

Tilera® Corporation, the leader in 64-bit manycore general purpose processors, today announced it has achieved the highest ever single-chip Suricata performance, delivering 4x the performance, and 7x the performance-per-watt of a high-end x86 multicore processor. Suricata is the industry-leading open source Intrusion Detection and Prevention System (IDS/IPS) developed by the Open Information Security Foundation (OISF) and supported by the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to secure networks against next generation security attacks.

Sophisticated intrusion detection and prevention, such as Suricata implements, requires deep packet inspection and pattern-matching that taxes the capabilities of even the highest performance processors. The Suricata performance achieved on the TILE-Gx72 processor is double that of the previous record-holder, the TILE-Gx36, providing organizations with network security that scales with their networks.

“Tilera’s TILE-Gx processors are continuing to lead the market in Suricata performance and the impressive results with the TILE-Gx72 demonstrates the synergy between a massively manycore processor, coupled with Suricata’s multi-threaded implementation,” stated Matt Jonkman, president, OISF. “With the continuing rise of security threats and incidents, corporate enterprises, carriers and government organizations are adopting Suricata for their IDS/IPS and leveraging the TILE-Gx processor family coupled with the MDE development environment to achieve the best performance.”

The TILE-Gx72 is the world’s highest performance and highest efficiency processor with integrated System-on-Chip (SoC) features including eight 10Gb Ethernet ports, 24-lanes of PCI Express, four DDR3 memory controllers, and 23 Mbytes of on-chip cache. The wire-speed, programmable mPIPE front end processes 240 Mpps of bi-directional Ethernet traffic and improves the efficiency of network-heavy applications. With its exceptionally low power profile, several TILE-Gx72 processors can be populated in a single compact datacenter appliance, providing 576 cores of compute and 640Gbps of packet processing with 8 sockets.

The multi-threaded Suricata IDS/IPS application, version 1.4.0, was ported using Tilera’s Multicore Development Environment (MDE) version 4.1, a full-featured and standards based run-time Linux environment for TILE-Gx processors. The recent “live rule swap” update supports dynamic insertion of new threat signatures into Suricata and enables rapid response to threats such as Zero-Day Attacks.

“We track Moore’s Law with the tile-based architecture and significantly raise the bar with our TILE-Gx72 processor, incorporating twice the number of cores of our previous high-end processor. Tilera’s high-performance iMesh interconnect enables Suricata performance to scale linearly with the additional cores,” said Devesh Garg, president, and CEO of Tilera. “Once again, we are demonstrating that the TILE-Gx architecture provides a real-world advantage in scalable application performance, power efficiency, and overall compute density.”

The Suricata solution is available on all of Tilera’s TILE-Gx platforms, ranging from the TILEncore-Gx series of PCIe cards with multiple 10Gbps Ethernet interfaces, to the TILEmpower-Gx 1RU standalone appliance and the TILExtreme-Gx 1RU multi-socket platform with up to 288 cores of compute.

Samsung Galaxy S4 Software Will Increase

Samsung Galaxy S4 Software Will Increase

Kansas – Some telecommunications companies in the United States, such as Verizon, AT & T and Sprint are currently in the process of major reform efforts on a smart phone that is now being loved, Samsung Galaxy S4. Although there is no official announcement from them, any reports from various sources stating the same thing.
According to a report quoted by CNET site, with updates on Samsung Galaxy S4 users can move apps from internal storage to microSD card. This capability can empty the internal storage. So that the performance can be optimized.
Other updates to security software yitu Samsung Knox and bootloader. Developmental changes are also located in the settings are easy to apply and other additional software.
Users of Samsung Galaxy S4, just need to wait for an official announcement about this renewal. Sprint and AT & T amid spreading rumors this renewal. While Verizon is working on desktop software via Samsung Kies.

Download Free Wii Games

Download Free Wii Games

When it comes to gross revenues, theres no uncertainty that Nintendos game console is the most in demand across the world. Its modern distinctive wireless handheld remote makes it more fascinating and unordinary from the others of its sort. This most recent feature gives this device the ability to locate and acknowledge movement in three dimensions. Apart from learning more regarding this added characteristic, enthusiastic online gamers now visit the Web to consider some trustworthy Free Wii Games review sites.

For full-time gamers of this device, there are many means to look and pay for the latest games. First, they are hugely accessible in the market. But, to purchase, big costs may be needed. Some Web-based retailers, such as Amazon and Play.com, also present a wide range of games and content for one to select from. Another selection is to use those Video Game Rental Services, which can be maximized by both residents of the UK and the US. This may be best, though, if youre an individual who dislike to play similar games again.

By finding out the perfect means to download the games you want to play on your console, its a pledge that youll obtain whatever you desire at a lower charge. At present, the World Wide Web has countless download service providers; therefore, checking over several trusted review sites is significant prior to deciding which one to pick.

For a productive download, ensure to pick a website that offers these features: limitless 100% legal downloads, on the spot access to millions of files, round-the-clock customer technical support, no recurring fees, fast download, latest Wii software upgrades and newest games. Moreover, its necessary to make certain that the web page does not contain viruses and spywares that could be risky to your gadget.

In addition to being high-speed and convenient, an outstanding download site in the Web is ideal for each and every user of PC, Mac or Wii system. It provides you the capability to play all your favored games and even permit you to accumulate and be entertained by your most-loved TV programs, music and more. Needless to tell, it gives 100% amusement for you and your loved ones anywhere, anytime.

There are two sorts of services that let individuals Download Wii Games free and fee-based. The latter carries all the features mentioned earlier and is advised for use while the first choice is its opposite. To have such innovation to your system, it is only necessary for you to have Internet connection and count on the right site online.

Download Wii Games Legally – Possible

Download Wii Games Legally – Possible

Nintendo Wii has become popular in the gaming industry and is a breed of console games. The only problem with the Wii games is that they are very costly.
**To Download Wii Games Legally, visit the site in the resource box under this article

As a matter of fact the Wii gaming enthusiasts had now taken a sigh of relief after they have come to know that they can get the Wii games for a very low price and that the games that they get are legal and are of good quality. How is it possible? It is no doubt possible by one simple method and that is that you need to download Wii games legally!

Is it a smart choice? Of course yes! You can get huge collection of games at a cost which is negligible and is actually less than the price of an original single unit game. This means that in the long run you can save a lot of money if you download Wii games legally. You must be wondering about the word legally!

It means that there are hundreds of sites which offer you the downloading of the various Wii game and normally claim to give out those games for free. This is true that you can download the games for free. But there are some associated problems as well! These problems are really dramatic and can cause you to spend more money in the long run. The main threat is that of the virus and the other malicious software, which can not only harm your computer but also your gaming console. The next important thing to consider is the quality of the files.

The free sites will mostly give corrupted and bad files which cannot be fixed. The most important threat is that the files can be illegal and they can breach the copyright laws. This can actually manage to get you in serious legal troubles.
So, it is better to download Wii games legally.

This can be done by downloading from the sites which are charging you some fees (nearly $50 or so) for a life time access to the unlimited collection of Wii games. All the files uploaded in the site are legal and none of them breach the copyright law. This means that you do not face any legal issues just because you want to play games!

Download Wii games legally and enjoy the games. For further information, you can visit the following site (in the resource box).